What is the Treatment Like?

Fundación Recal uses the Minnesota Model. The Minnesota Model is characterised as being an integral and interdisciplinary approach to addiction and aims for complete abstinence from all substances that can affect the state of mind of the patient who wishes to recover. It is based on a combination of the Twelve Step programme of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA), applied alongside the latest medical, psychological, psychiatric and pharmacological advances as they develop in the field of addiction treatment.

You can read about the history of the Minnesota Model on its creators website: hazeldenbettyford.org

The objective of the first stage of addiction treatment is to provide patients with support and rehabilitation either in a residential or non-residential programme, aiming to reinforce total abstinence from drugs, treat any physical or mental illnesses through care, containment, health education, medication if necessary, psychotherapy and socio-educational engagement. The ultimate goal is to achieve total abstinence, paving the way for learning, to allow development of healthy habits, behaviours and attitudes.

During the second stage of treatment, recovery is reinforced and there is a gradual reintroduction to work and social environments via a post-treatment plan.

At Fundación Recal treatment is always personalised and tailored to the needs of the patient, therefore every treatment is unique and individually designed. The patient participates in defining their treatment, by taking responsibility for his/her own recovery.



  • To achieve complete abstinence from drugs, alcohol and/or addictive behaviours.
  • To achieve a better quality of life, with good physical, mental, spiritual and emotional health.



  • Helping the addict and their family to accept the illness and its consequences.
  • Helping the addict to admit that they need help and to accept that help, and understand that, although their illness does not have a cure, they can live a more constructive and fulfilled life.
  • Helping the addict to recognise their shortcomings and/or behaviours, which need to be changed to achieve a better quality of life.



1. Assessment, diagnosis and treatment:

  • Assessment.
  • Diagnosis.
  • Pharmacological detoxification.
  • Pharmacological dishabituation.
  • Individualised treatment plan.
  • Address any mental disorders.
  • Medical treatment.
  • Abstinence control.
  • Dual pathology unit.
  • Eating disorder unit

2. Social rehabilitation:

  • Recovery of personal autonomy which has been lost during addiction.
  • Repair of family relations.
  • Appropriate use of spare and leisure time.
  • Preparation for reintroduction to the workplace.


  • Pharmacological detoxification where hospitalitation is not required: Patients, which the doctor or psychiatrist considers appropriate, will be detoxified depending on clinical circumstances.
  • Psychiatric assistance: Psychiatric help will be given when prescribed by our doctor.
  • Medical assistance: All patients will be given medical assistance upon admission, including recording their clinical history, performing an assessment and later a follow up on the status of the patient. Healthcare is offered for common illnesses and medications are prescribed as necessary.
  • Nursing assistance: Daily.
  • Abstinence control: Regular drug testing on urine and saliva will be performed periodically on all patients when deemed necessary.
  • Groups facilitated by psychologists/therapists: Different goals are set for each group therapy. In some, patients share their feelings and state of mind. In others, weekly goals for each patient are set (jointly between all group members). There are also groups which address how the community functions at all levels: logistics, conflicts, requests and planning of weekend activities to name a few. .
  • Individual sessions with a psychologist: Where the aim is to help personal development of the patient and detect and eliminate any obstacles which the patient may encounter.
  • Talks: Looking at themes around the multidisciplinary treatment of addictive behaviours and their consequences both for the addict themself and their environment.
  • Acupuncture: Anxiety reduction during recovery. Relaxation to improve ones state of mind.
  • EMDR: An innovative scientifically proven psychotherapeutic approach which speeds up treatment of a wide range of disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder. The WHO has approved EMDR as an evidence-based psychotherapy.
  • Mindfulness: Mindfulness training to develop an improved capacity for emotional control and stress reduction.
  • Art therapy: Art therapy aims to create a connection with feelings via painting and drawing.
  • Yoga sessions: Relaxation and body awareness.
  • Music therapy: Experiencing sensations and group participation through music.
  • Sports: Return to physical activity. There is a gym and a multi-purpose sports area within the treatment centre. A personal trainer will develop an individual programme to cater for the needs of each patient.
  • Social and team activities: To encourage interpersonal relations and improve cohabitation.
  • Support group for families: A free help group for patients’ family members facilitated by two therapists is available. There is also a combined patient and family/friend group.
  • Residential support for the second stage of treatment: If needed, due to personal circumstances, we offer second phase flats with daily groups to ensure abstinence and provide a follow up during the first year of recovery.
  • Convention and Alcoholics and Narcotics Anonymous group attendance: In order to establish an attitude and routine which helps normalise group attendance once the first stage of treatment has been completed and as a tool to support recovery.