Dependence or addiction to benzodiazepines is a condition where a person is dependent on a benzodiazepine medication, where dependence can be both psychological as well as physical, or a combination of both.
The most popular benzodiazepines are: diazepam, flurazepam, lorazepam, flunitrazepam, clonazepam, temazepam, oxazepam, triazolam, alprazolam, zolpidem, amongst others.
Tolerance and dependence: develops quickly in the case of sleep inducing effects, but takes various months with regards to the anxiolytic effects.
Physical dependence: a physical tolerance develops which can become evident with a reduction in the dose or ceasing to take the medication, similar to withdrawal syndrome.
Psychological dependence or addiction: includes abuse and an urgent need to use the drug, not to alleviate the symptoms of withdrawal, but to experiment with its euphoric or intoxicating effects.
Withdrawal syndrome: very similar to that with alcohol and can develop with signs such as anxiety, irritability, insomnia and sensory disturbances.